Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder that prevents the body from utilizing glucose completely or partially It is characterized by raised glucose concentration in the blood. The pancreas produces hormone insulin which controls the amount of glucose in the blood. Without insulin, the blood sugar increases as the body cannot use or store glucose.
The most commonly-used screening tests are the determination of the fasting blood glucose level and the blood glucose level tested two hours after a meal. The normal fasting blood sugar content is 80-120 mg per 100 ml of blood; this can go up to a level of 160 mg per 100 ml of blood two hours after meals. Anything above these levels can be termed as diabetic levels. Diabetes is common among older, obese people.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) occurs when the pancreas fails to make enough insulin. It usually occurs in childhood or adolescence but can develop at any age. These patients need insulin every day.
Type 2 or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus occurs when body cells become resistant to insulin. This is more common among adults, especially those who are overweight and over age 40. These people are able to control their blood sugar levels through weight control, regular exercise, and a well-balanced diet. Some people require oral medications or insulin injection to lower blood sugar.
Diabetes is a disease that develops, due to a problem with the hormone insulin, produced by the pancreas. Insulin controls the glucose in the blood, and how much glucose is absorbed by the cells; which in turn use glucose to produce energy. When insulin is not present, or the body is not using it properly, glucose can’t enter the cells, and stays in the bloodstream producing hyperglycemia, or excess of sugar (glucose) in the blood.
There are two types of Diabetes, Type I and type II, in type I, the pancreas produces no insulin whatsoever, therefore the patient depends on insulin injection, to control the glucose, this type of diabetes affects people less than 30 years old, and develops when antibodies, kill cells of the pancreas in charge of creating insulin. Type II diabetes develops on people 30 years of age and older, and is caused by the insufficient or ineffective production of insulin, this type of diabetes can be controlled with drugs and proper diet.
The symptoms for either diabetes are, hunger and thirst more than normal, weight loss, excessive urination, fatigue, the white part of the eye turns yellowish, bruises easily, and cuts take longer to heal.
If not managed properly, diabetes can have very damaging results, such as retinopathy, blindness, cardiovascular disease, amputation of foot or leg, and kidney disease. Since Diabetes is so dangerous, it should always be monitored by a physician, but here, you will learn how to manage your diabetes type II, without synthetic drugs, using only herbs, vitamins and good nutrition.
Women may develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy due to the changes in the body while expecting. Although this condition disappears after delivery is a clear sign that the woman is at risk of developing Type II diabetes later in life and is likely to suffer gestational diabetes in future pregnancies. Diabetes Symptoms
Diabetes can and often does go undiagnosed because the symptoms can seem harmless and oftentimes normal.
There are two types of Diabetes symptoms. Which include:
Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms
- Frequent urination
- Excessive thirst
- Extreme hunger
- Unusual weight loss
- Increased fatigue
- Blurry vision
Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms
- Blurry vision
- Cuts or sores that are slow to heal
- Itchy skin, yeast infections
- Increased thirst
- Dry mouth
- Need to urinate often
- Leg pain
Tips for Coping with Diabetes
- Exercise regularly. It has been shown that people who exercise regularly are 50% less likely to develop Type 2 Diabetes. If you have diabetes, it is still important to stay active, but make sure you take into consideration the type of physical activity you choose and how it will affect you. Overly strenuous activities may lead to sudden low blood sugar levels and should, therefore, be avoided.
- Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables as well as foods containing whole grains, which contain Vitamin B and chromium.
- If you are overweight, lose it! Obesity is one of the major risk factors in Type 2 Diabetes.
- Managing diabetes starts with eating healthy. Reduce your intake of refined and processed foods containing high fat and sugar levels.
- Monitoring your glucose levels is important so try adopting regular testing as a daily habit as soon as possible.
- Coping with diabetes is a process that takes time. Optimism is your best friend and if you learn to be optimistic.
How to reduce sugar level without medication
- Take Alpha lipoic acid It helps to control sugar level in the blood. Alpha lipoic acid is considered among the elite, multipurpose antioxidants. Ritus made up of Ragi, Ragi soups, Ragi balls, Ragi in milk can be used. Raghi used in any form is beneficial in Diabetes.
- Eating a cup of homemade Curd helps to slow down the progression of Diabetes. induced by high fructose administration.
- Taking Bitter gourd ( Kerela) Juice or bitter gourd in any form helps to control Diabetes.
- Black berries (Jamun) seeds powdered and taken regularly and also eating Blackberries helps to control Diabetes.
- pieces of stem chopped from Red kino tree ( Honne) boiled in water, filtered and this decoction taken helps to control Diabetes.
- Chewing few leaves of Sweet neem ( Curry patta) everyday morning also helps to reduced Diabetes.
- Eating an Indian gooseberry ( Amla) everyday helps in reducing Diabetes.
- Indian gooseberry (Amla) powder with Turmeric powder taken in the empty stomach also helps to reduce Diabetes.
- Dip Fenugreek (Methi) seeds overnight, eat them in the empty stomach in the morning or use fresh fenugreek leaves in cooking which cures Diabetes.
- Drinking Lemon water in the morning helps in reducing Diabetes.
- Beal fruit taken in any form is also helpful in reducing Diabetes.
- Salted Buttermilk ( Chach ) take in the morning helps to reduces Diabetes.
- Take 400 mcg. a day of chromium picolinate makes insulin more efficient helping keep sugar level low. Chromium maintains stable blood sugar levels through proper insulin utilization and can be helpful for people with diabetes and/or hypoglycemia.
- Take Garlic in capsules it helps circulation and regulates sugar level.
- 500 mg of L-glutamine and taurine a day to reduce sugar cravings and to help release insulin.
- A tea made with kidney beans, white beans, navy beans, lima beans, and northern beans removes toxins from the pancreas.
Also, Read Best foods diabetic control