what is good to put on a burn?
Burns on less than 10% of the body surface is considered minor. An entire hand is 1% of the body surface. There are three types of burns, and they are classified by their severity.
First degree burns:
Are the ones to the top layers of the skin, the area becomes red and painful a sunburn is an example of the first-degree burn.
These are the ones that go deeper damaging more layers of skin, the skin becomes red, extremely painful with blisters. Third-degree burns:
These are the most serious of them all, the entire thickness of the skin is destroyed in some cases muscle, and other tissues are damaged, there is little pain involved as most of the nerves are burned, and the brain is unable to sense pain, the skin turns red or white, without proper care the area may become infected sometimes it turns yellow or black. In severe burns, a skin graft may be needed.
Types of burns:
- -it affects only superficial layer of the skin and is mild.
- -it affects the epidermis, the superficial layer and also dermis, the deep layer of skin.
- it affects the deep layer of skin, nerve endings, and blood vessels may be destroyed.
Causes of Burns:
- Electric current
- Scalding liquids
- Toxic fumes
- Kitchen accidents
Symptoms of Burns:
Symptoms of First Degree Burns:
- Reddening skin
- Blistering of skin
- Peeling of skin
Symptoms of Second Degree Burns:
- Blistering of skin
- Extreme redness
- Fluid loss
- Pale, cold skin
- Blue tinge on fingernails and lips
Symptoms of Third Degree Burns:
- Burns may be numb and painless
- Dry, leathery skin
- Charred skin
- Accumulation of fluids
Prevention of burns:
- Handle hot objects and hot liquids carefully
- Follow household safety measures.
- Know about fire exit places in the home and workplace and shopping areas.
- Don’t wear long, loose sleeves while cooking.
- Children should be taught safety measure.
- Apply sunscreen before going in the sun to avoid sunburns.
Do not attempt to treat a third degree burn yourself these types of injury are life-threatening, and they require professional attention. Natural remedies can help after hospitalization to prevent infection and boost immune system defenses. In minor burns herbs and homeopathic medicines have remarkable success reliving pain and speeding up healing.
Home Remedies for burns
- The first-degree burn can be treated with home remedies. Second and Third-degree burns need immediate attention to the doctor
- Applying beaten egg on the burns cures it.
- Apply ice packs to the burnt area for 10-15minutes.
- Aloe vera is highly effective in treating burns. So apply aloe vera gel on the burnt area.
- Applying papaya fruit over the burnt area helps in curing burns.
- Apply olive oil or sunflower oil on burns. This heals the scalds, blisters.
- Apply liquid paraffin or petroleum jelly on burns. This reduces cracks in the skin and prevents infection.
- Wrapping the burnt area with plantain leaf is a common method of treating burns
- Applying extract of onion juice over the burn. This relieves pain.
- Immerse burnt area in cold milk .this soothes the wounded area.
- Applying lotions containing vitamin A or vitamin E helps in healing the wound caused by burns.
- Apply Colloidal silver this is a natural antibiotic and disinfectant if the burn is very painful, use in a spray.
- Apply a lotion made with vitamin A.
- Take Vitamin C w/ Bioflavonoids this is an antioxidant needed for the formation of collagen. Studies have shown that high doses of vitamin C are very necessary.
- Take vitamin E needed to prevent scarring.
- Plantain leaves is a popular remedy for treating burns. These green weedy plants grow practically anywhere in the world with sufficient water. Just don’t confuse this plantain with the banana-like vegetable of the same name. Hit the leaf with a small hammer, enough to smash just a little bit the plant than wrap the affected area with the leaf.
Author: Dr. Izharul Hasan