Burn injuries can be extremely painful. Any type of injury to the superficial layers of skin or the deeper layers of body tissues due to direct contact with heat, chemicals, friction, radiation, or electricity is called a burn. Depending on the extent of injury, burns are generally categorized as first, second, or third-degree burns. Unlike minor first-degree burns, second and third-degree burns need immediate medical care.
Burns can cause reddening, inflammation, and even blistering of the skin. Minor or superficial burns can be treated at home using simple home remedies. There are innumerable home remedies that can accelerate the healing process of burn wounds. Listed below are some tried and tested home remedies for the successful treatment of burns.
What is good to put on a burn?
Burns on less than 10% of the body surface are considered minor. An entire hand is 1% of the body surface. There are three types of burns, and they are classified by their severity.
First degree burns:
Are the ones to the top layers of the skin, the area becomes red and painful a sunburn is an example of the first-degree burn.
These are the ones that go deeper damaging more layers of skin, the skin becomes red, extremely painful with blisters. Third-degree burns:
These are the most serious of them all, the entire thickness of the skin is destroyed in some cases muscle, and other tissues are damaged, there is little pain involved as most of the nerves are burned, and the brain is unable to sense pain, the skin turns red or white, without proper care, the area may become infected sometimes it turns yellow or black. In severe burns, a skin graft may be needed.
Types of burns:
- -it affects only a superficial layer of the skin and is mild.
- -it affects the epidermis, the superficial layer, and also the dermis, the deep layer of skin.
- it affects the deep layer of skin, nerve endings, and blood vessels may be destroyed.
Causes of Burns:
- Electric current
- Scalding liquids
- Toxic fumes
- Kitchen accidents
Symptoms of Burns:
Symptoms of First Degree Burns:
- Reddening skin
- Blistering of skin
- Peeling of skin
Symptoms of Second Degree Burns:
- Blistering of skin
- Extreme redness
- Fluid loss
- Pale, cold skin
- Blue tinge on fingernails and lips
Symptoms of Third Degree Burns:
- Burns may be numb and painless
- Dry, leathery skin
- Charred skin
- Accumulation of fluids
Prevention of burns
- Handle hot objects and hot liquids carefully
- Follow household safety measures.
- Know about fire exit places in the home and workplace and shopping areas.
- Don’t wear long, loose sleeves while cooking.
- Children should be taught safety measures.
- Apply sunscreen before going in the sun to avoid sunburns.
Do not attempt to treat a third-degree burn yourself these types of injuries are life-threatening, and they require professional attention. Natural remedies can help after hospitalization to prevent infection and boost immune system defenses. In minor burns herbs and homeopathic medicines have remarkable success relieving pain and speeding up healing.
Home remedies for burn marks on skin
1. Black Tea Bags
This is a highly effective home remedy to treat minor burns. Tannic acid, a type of polyphenol, which is present abundantly in tea bags, can draw out the heat from burn injuries. This can help to reduce the pain and inflammation due to burns.
Black tea bags, glass bowl, cotton balls
How To Use
To treat a minor burn injury, place three to four tea bags under running water. Collect the tea which seeps out of the tea bags in a small glass bowl. Dip a clean cotton ball in the liquid.
Now daub this fluid liberally all over the burn injury. Allow the burn injury to soak up the tea for three to four minutes. Gently remove the excess liquid on the burn injury with a clean cotton ball.
2. Aloe Vera Gel
The colorless, mucilaginous gel obtained from the aloe vera plant has been used since antiquity to successfully treat burn injuries. In fact, fresh aloe vera gel is one of the most effective natural treatment options for burn wounds. Pure aloe vera gel can limit scarring and speed up the recovery period for minor burns.
Aloe vera gel, cotton ball
How To Use
Cutaway the outer rind of a plump aloe vera leaf. Use a spoon to gently scoop out the aloe vera gel. Store the freshly extracted aloe vera gel in a clean glass bowl.
Dip a cotton ball in the aloe vera gel and gently daub the burn injury with the vicious aloe vera gel extract. Allow the aloe vera gel extract to remain on the burn injury for ten to fifteen minutes. Finally, remove the excess aloe vera gel with a damp tissue.
3. Manuka Honey
The anti-bacterial rich Manuka honey from New Zealand is used to effectively treat burn injuries. Manuka honey has been used for decades as a special topical aid for skin healing. You can either apply manuka honey directly on the burn injury or you can even wrap the burn wound with manuka honey impregnated bandages.
Pure Manuka honey, clean cotton balls
How To Use
Place two to three tablespoons of pure Manuka honey in a clean glass bowl. Dip a cotton ball or a tissue in the manuka honey. Spread the Manuka honey liberally on the burn injury. Allow the manuka honey to remain on the burn wound for fifteen to twenty minutes.
4. Diluted Apple Cider Vinegar
Diluted apple cider vinegar is yet another effective natural home remedy to heal painful burns. The potent antiseptic properties of apple cider vinegar help prevent infection. Diluted apple cider vinegar should only be used on extremely minor skin burns and never on major burn injuries.
Apple Cider Vinegar, filtered water, glass bowl, cotton balls
How To Use
Dilute a couple of drops of pure apple cider vinegar in about 50ml of filtered water placed in a clean glass bowl. Dip a clean cotton ball in the diluted apple cider vinegar solution. Wipe the burn injury extremely gently with the cotton ball steeped in diluted apple cider vinegar solution. Allow the solution to remain on the burn wound for a couple of minutes.
Milk is one of the safest home remedies to treat minor burn injuries. Placing milk directly on the wound will help to relieve some of the pain due to minor burns. Pouring fresh milk on the burn injury will also accelerate the time taken to heal burn wounds.
Milk, clean gauze
How To Use
Procure a length of clean gauze. Dip the gauze in some cool milk. Wring out the excess milk. Now cover the burn injury with the cotton gauze steeped in the milk. Allow the gauze bandage to remain over the burn injury for fifteen to twenty minutes. After twenty minutes remove the gauze bandage and wipe the site of injury clean with a wet tissue.
6. Baking Soda
This is another time-honored home remedy to treat minor burn wounds. Baking soda helps to draw out some of the heat from the burn injury. This home remedy is ideal to treat iron burns and oven burns.
Baking soda, filtered water, glass bowl
How To Use
Tip one teaspoon of baking soda into a clean glass bowl. Add one to two teaspoons of pure filtered water to the glass bowl. Mix the ingredients well to form a thick paste. Cover the burn injury with the baking soda paste. Allow the paste to remain on the burn wound for a couple of minutes and then wash the excess baking soda paste off with cool water.
7. Egg Whites
Egg whites have been touted as the miracle cure for painful burn injuries. Egg whites can help to heal minor burns in next to no time. Egg whites, which are basically collagen, can help to heal superficial skin injuries due to minor burns.
Egg whites, cotton balls
How To Use
Separate the egg white from the yolk of a large egg. Place the egg white in a sterile glass bowl. Dip a clean cotton ball in the egg white. Coat the burn injury with the egg white. Allow the egg white on the burn injury to dry out slightly, and then repeat the process by applying layer upon layer of beaten egg white. The burn injury will totally regenerate within a day.
- The first-degree burn can be treated with home remedies. Second and Third-degree burns need immediate attention to the doctor
- Apply the broken egg on the burns heals it.
- Applying ice packs to the burnt area for 10-15minutes relives burns.
- Aloe vera is effective in healing burns.
- Apply papaya fruit over the burnt area helps heal burns.
- Applying olive oil or sunflower oil on burns. This treats the scalds, blisters.
- Apply liquid paraffin or petroleum jelly on burns. This reduces cracks in the skin and prevents infection.
- Wrapping the burnt area with plantain leaf is a common method of treating burns
- Applying the extract of onion juice over the burn. This relieves pain.
- Immerse burnt the area in cold milk .this soothes the wounded area.
- Applying lotions containing vitamin A or vitamin E helps in healing the wound caused by burns.
- Apply Colloidal silver this is a natural antibiotic and disinfectant if the burn is very painful, use a spray.
- Apply a lotion made with vitamin A.
- Take Vitamin C w/ Bioflavonoids this is an antioxidant needed for the formation of collagen. Studies have shown that high doses of vitamin C are very necessary.
- Take vitamin E needed to prevent scarring.
- Plantain leaves are a popular remedy for treating burns. These green weedy plants grow practically anywhere in the world with sufficient water. Just don’t confuse this plantain with the banana-like vegetable of the same name.
- Hit the leaf with a small hammer, enough to smash just a little bit of the plant then wrap the affected area with the leaf.