Men and Women have comparatively different hormonal systems
The hormone system of men is relatively static with stable concentrations of pituitary and gonadal hormones all through their daily lives.
They suffer from falling levels of testosterone after they cross the age of 30-40. But, this generally does not greatly affect their mood.
Women, on the other hand, are unique on their hormonal system. They have the reproductive phase that is based on a cyclical pattern of hormones that fluctuate on a daily basis. And, these fluctuations result in changes in their mood every day.
At the beginning of the menstrual cycle, the LH and FSH levels are usually low. Slowly the FSH level rises to stimulate the growth of egg in the ovaries. An LH surge occurs during ovulation, and the egg gets released, and then the ovary secretes lots of estrogen and progesterone in the latter half of the cycle.
This occurs when most of the women undergo hormonal changes consistent with premenstrual syndrome. It is common in all woman to experience mood changes during the last half of the menstrual cycle, but some women’s hormonal systems act differently and interfere with daily life. Such conditions may be called Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder or PMDD.
What are the symptoms of PMDD?
Women suffering from PMDD usually experience mood swings and some physical symptoms that make it difficult to get through routine life. When the period occurs, the symptoms tend to decrease for maybe another couple of weeks until ovulation takes place again and PMDD symptoms arrive.
Some symptoms of PMDD include the following conditions:
- Changes in mood that keep changing every hour or by the day.
- Having depressed thoughts and low feeling like sadness, loneliness, and fruitlessness.
- More anger that can lead to interpersonal relationship issues
- Increase in anxiety and mental tension
- Less interest in hobbies and other fun activities
- More irritability
- Lack of concentration
- Feeling tired, drowsy or fatigued during the day
- Changes in appetite
- Lack of Sleep or Insomnia
- Feeling overwhelmed by facing challenges of life
- Uncomfortable physical signs, like breast tenderness, bloating, headaches, joint pain, muscle pain or swelling.
These symptoms can indicate that women may face difficulty in her daily life for every two weeks each month. This can disturb her household life, her professional life, and relationships as well. If the symptoms are relatively insignificant, she may have oral vitamins, and eat healthy food along with doing exercise to ease her problem and enhance the mood swings.
But, if the symptoms are severe and a woman does not want to have a baby, then oral contraceptives pills can solve the problems. Else, they can see their doctor and get prescribed medicines like serotonin reuptake inhibitors or SSRIs like Prozac, Lexapro, or Celexa. These may decrease much of the emotional symptoms in PMDD or even milder premenstrual symptoms.