A hernia is an abnormal protrusion of internal organs through an abnormal opening in the wall of the cavity
A combination of increased pressure inside the body with weakness in the wall is responsible for this condition
In this condition, internal organs or parts of organs are protruded out forming a swelling which will increase the size with coughing and lift weight, and while passing stool and urine
In lying down position the swelling goes inside except in strangulated and irreducible hernia
1, Weakness in the body wall:–
a) Congenital weakness.
b) Acquired weakness due to injuries, wasting of muscles, suppurative lesions in the wall and presence of weak natural openings, obesity, lack of exercise, repeated pregnancy
c) Surgical operation with improper suturing or sepsis of operated site.
2) Increased pressure inside the body.
a) Chronic constipation.
b) A recurrent cough.
c) Weight lifting.
d) Structure of a urethra.
Common sites for a hernia:–
A hernia can occur anywhere in the body
However, there are some common sites for a hernia.Due to the presence of hard bony covering chest wall is normally not affected.A hernia in the lower back is also rare due to spine and back muscles and tough ligaments and sheets.The common site of a hernia is the abdominal wall.Compared to other parts the abdominal wall is weak due to the presence of some natural orifices.