(Last Updated On: May 1, 2021)

Types of headaches and their treatment

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Dr Sarah Edwards MDhttp://ArticleWatt.com
PROFESSIONAL HIGHLIGHTS Dr. Sarah served as Clinical Assistant Professor and Visiting Professor University of the Wester specialties include Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Diseases, Critical Care Medicine, and anxiety Medicine. ABOUT DR. SARAH EDWARDS Dr. Sarah Edwards is a Locum Tenens physician. She received Sher medical degree from the University of the West School of Medicine and completed Sher specialty training at the Medical College of Georgia in Augusta, GA, and at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, TX. She has been trained in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care Medicine, and Anxiety Medicine. In addition, she was also trained in Thoracic Transplantation Medicine and Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Dr. Edwards has a special interest in Integrative Medicine, especially the non-pharmacologic treatment of Sleep Disorders. CERTIFICATIONS Dr. Sarah Edwards is Board Certified in the following: • Internal Medicine • Child Diseases • Critical Medicine • She is also a Diplomate of The American Board of Anxiety Medicine. EDUCATION Postgraduate: • University of Nevada School of Medicine • Residency: Internal Medicine

(Last Updated On: March 22, 2021)

Headache and Types of Headache:

Headache is a common problem that causes a lot of disturbance in life. Headache is usually a pain that occurs in any part of the head.

Factors of Headache:

There can be many factors that cause headaches:

⦁ Emotional (stress, anxiety, and depression)
⦁ Medical issue (migraine, high blood pressure, physical injury)

Types of Headache:

Headaches can be moderate to severe. İt creates an irritating and uncomfortable situation. During a headache, no one can work properly with attention. headache icd 10 has involved many types of headache that occur because of many reasons.

Let’s have a look at different types of headaches.

⦁ Tension headache
⦁ Hormone headache
⦁ Cluster headache
⦁ Migraine headache
⦁ Caffeine headache
⦁ allergy or sinus headache
⦁ exertion headache
⦁ hypertension headache
⦁ rebound headache
⦁ post-traumatic headache

The WHO (World Health Organisation) found that almost every single person experiences the headache. The intensity of headaches can vary from moderate to mild or severe. Moderate headache can be resolved after some time by taking rest or a single painkiller. İf the headache is severe; you need to go to the doctor immediately. İf you will face any of these symptoms given below don’t take it nonserious.

⦁ Stiffness of neck
⦁ Rash
⦁ Severe headache
⦁ Vomiting
⦁ Fever
⦁ Mumbled speech
⦁ Paralysis in any part of the body
⦁ Blur vision

Primary Headaches:

Primary Headaches are those headaches that cause only slight pain in the head. İt can happen just for a small duration. These are called episodic headaches. They can last from half an hour to several hours. Headaches that last from weeks to months are more consistent and called chronic headaches.

1. Tension headaches

This headache occurs when you are tensed about something. Because of too heavy load, you may feel dull, and pain in your head. Sometimes it can cause affection in your neck area, shoulders, scalp, and forehead. Anyone who is under stress can face this tension headache. By taking OTC painkillers you can get relief from this tension headache.

Medicines you can take:

⦁ aspirin
⦁ ibuprofen (Advil)
⦁ naproxen (Aleve)
⦁ Acetaminophen and caffeine, like Excedrin Tension Headache
İf even after taking these, still you are not able to get relief from this headache you should contact a doctor. Your doctor can recommend you some other medications which can be indomethacin, meloxicam (Mobic), and ketorolac.

2. Cluster headaches

This type of headache can cause severe pain which can create a piercing sensation in your head. İt mostly takes place around one eye or at one side of the face resulting in inflammation, redness, and sweating on that area. Eye tearing and nasal congestion can also take place in that region. İt comes again and again. One period is almost 15 minutes to 180 minutes long. There are chances of almost 1 to 4 attacks of headache per day. Sometimes, they can come in sequence, just right after the one has gone. That’s why they are named clusters.
They are common in spring and fall. Mostly, men are victims of this headache.

Diagnosis:

Doctors don’t know the causes of this headache but they know how to treat their symptoms. They will recommend oxygen therapy, sumatriptan (Imitrex), or local anesthetic (lidocaine) to provide pain relief.
After diagnosis, some prevention plan is given to you by the doctors that you have to follow to get yourself away from the cluster headache.

3. Migraine

This headache is severe pain. İt creates an intense pulsing. İt lasts for days. İt also disturbs your daily routine a lot. İt occurs in only one part of the head. İt is sensitive to light and noise and causes vomiting and nausea along with headache.
You may also experience a visual issue that can be:

⦁ flashing lights
⦁ shimmering lights
⦁ zigzag lines
⦁ stars
⦁ blind spots

Secondary or Chronic Headaches:

These headaches are indications of any chronic disease in your body.

4. Hormone headache

Hormonal headaches are caused by some hormonal fluctuations. Hormonal fluctuations occur because of disturbance in menstruation, birth control pills, and pregnancy effects on the level of estragon. This is specifically linked with the menstrual cycle and is known as menstrual migraine. Menstrual migraines can occur before, during, or right after menses. This can also occur during ovulation.

Diagnosis:

Doctors prescribe over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers like naproxen (Aleve) or medicines like frovatripan (Frova). These medications are used to control pain. Research says that 60% of women with migraines also suffer this hormonal or menstrual migraine.

Prevention:

Types of headaches and their treatment

Several remedies are used to reduce the pain every month. Some other techniques can reduce the pain such as relaxation, yoga, acupuncture, and eating a healthy diet that can prevent this hormonal headache.

5. Caffeine headache

Caffeine can affect the blood flow in our brain. Too much amount of caffeine can give you a headache. Most of the people who are suffering from migraines can get an attack by caffeine migraines when they use caffeine. Sometimes, this headache occurs if you will not take caffeine. Let’s suppose you are too addicted to caffeine and you suddenly stop the intake of caffeine. It can cause changes in brain chemistry. Taking out caffeine from the daily routine can cause caffeine headaches as well. But everyone doesn’t need to face this headache when he skips the caffeine.

Prevention:

You can quit the caffeine amount slowly and gradually to prevent yourself from the caffeine headache.
6. Allergy or Sinus Headache
Allergies can also cause headaches. This is also known as Sinus headache because the pain from the allergy headache affects the sinus area and front area of the head.

Diagnosis:

There is always confusion between the migraine headache and sinus headache. Mostly, those people who are suffering from any allergy become the victim of this sinus headache.

Treatment:

It is treated by thinning the mucus which is actually the basic reason for sinus pressure. Nasal sprays, over-the-counter decongestants such as phenylephrine (Sudafed PE), or antihistamines such as cetirizine (Zyrtec D Allergy + Congestion) help to treat this headache.

It also shows the symptoms of any sinus infection. For that purpose, doctors will prescribe other medications such as antibiotics to get rid of infection and headache.

7. Exertion headache

You have to suffer the exertion headache right after any physical activity. Some of the common activities are weight lifting, running, and sexual intercourse. These activities increase the blood flow to the skull in the result of which an exertion headache takes place on both sides of the head.
It comes only for a few minutes and goes away after a little time.

Treatment:

Analgesics such as aspirin and ibuprofen can ease the symptoms of this headache.
You shouldn’t resolve it yourself; they can be indications of any underlying medical condition.

8. Hypertension headache

This headache occurs because of really high blood pressure and it is not a symptom that you can take for grant. It is an indication of danger. You should treat this headache as soon as possible.
It occurs on both sides, causes changes in vision, numbness of any body part, blood from the nose, pain in the chest, and trouble in taking a breath.

Treatment:

If you are suffering from this headache, take a rest, and avoid any activity. It will go away itself if your blood pressure is in control. If it will not go away after some time, go and seek a doctor.

9. Rebound headaches

This headache is so painful, like a migraine, that makes you feel dull. It occurs due to the overuse of any medicine and often called medication overuse headache.

Prevention:

⦁ Stop the usage of those medicines which are the reason for this headache.

10. Post-traumatic headaches

It happens after any head injury. It is so painful and will stay for months to years after that injury or incident.

Treatment:

Doctors will recommend Triptans, sumatriptan (Imitrex), beta-blockers, and amitriptyline.

Conclusion:

Headaches can be an indication of any serious health condition. Some need just relaxation to get treated while others need proper medication. Don’t take it for granted.
Contact you, doctor, as soon as possible.

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