Healthy teeth and gums are doors for infection and Inflammation to enter the body. If oral health is unimpeachable it acts as a closed door for infection to enter and affect other organs of the body.
We have billions of bacteria living in our mouths, and without proper dental hygiene, they build up as plaques and cause cavities (tooth decay) and gingivitis. These resulting conditions over time lead to periodontal or gum disease.
Always brush after meals, floss, and use an antimicrobial mouthwash to keep away disease-causing bacteria from staying and reproducing in your mouth. We cannot overemphasize the need for a healthy diet and minimal sugar intake. They help keep the harmful bacteria under check.
What is the cause of tooth decay?
Due to the nature of digestion, your mouth hosts many bacteria. They feed on sugar, grow, and cause tooth decay leaving behind the waste as a biofilm which we call plaques. These plaques create room for the bacteria and help them stick around longer until they produce acids that cause cavities and wear down the enamel of your tooth.
The plaques that form near the gum produce toxic compounds into the gums that cause gingivitis. When gingivitis stays untreated, it will develop into periodontitis, a more severe disease. It leads to the loss of tissues and bones around the teeth.
Foods that cause tooth decay
The foods we eat feed the bacteria in our mouths and cause them to produce acids. The primary source of plaques is sugary foods. Crackers, bread, cereals, and other starchy foods influence the production of acid in the mouth.
Dental plaques from bacteria produce substances that irritate the gums and make them red and more likely to bleed. This usually leads to gum disease that causes the gum tissues to pull away from the teeth and fill the pockets with bacteria and pus. When left untreated, the teeth will loosen up or require extraction.
Is tooth decay preventable?
The surest way to remove plaques and prevent tooth decay is by brushing the teeth twice daily. Brushing the teeth with a soft-bristle brush twice a day removes plaques from the surfaces of the teeth.
For a perfect result, the toothbrush size should fit your mouth and easily reach every area. Floss the teeth daily or use interdental cleaners to remove plaques from the tight corners. Flossing the teeth is vital for the prevention of gum disease.
Tooth decay is infectious!
There are billions of bacteria in the mouth, and they are classified into about 300 different species. Many of them that cause tooth disease are communicable like any other infectious disease. According to a study, a ten-second kiss is enough to transmit 80 million bacteria between people.
Quick tips for proper brushing and flossing
Experts advise the following techniques for brushing and flossing:
- Let your toothbrush be at a 45-degree angle against your gums
- Brush with tooth-wide strokes, gently moving your brush back and forth
- Spend quality time brushing the outer, inner, and chewing surfaces of your teeth
- With the tip of the brush, make gently up-down strokes to clean the inner surface of your front teeth
- Brush your tongue or scrape it to remove bacteria and get rid of foul breath.
- Wind up 18 inches of your floss on the third fingers of each hand. Use your thumb and forefingers to hold the floss.
- Gently glide down the floss in between your teeth and use a gentle rubbing motion to clean the space
- At the gum line, make a C-shaped curve against a tooth. Gently lead the floss into the space between the tooth and gum.
- Take back the floss to the point where the two teeth meet, move it to each side or up and down. Do this until the floss cleans the entire space.
- Gently rub the floss by the side of each tooth, use an up and down motion to move the floss from the gum.
- Do this to the rest of your teeth.
Protect your mouth further with a mouth rinse
Using a mouth rinse along with routine brushing and flossing will improve your mouth’s cleanliness. With an antimicrobial mouth rinse, you can reduce the activities of plaque and bacteria and lower your risk of gingivitis and gum disease.
Fluoride mouth rinses are very potent at reducing tooth decay; however, they are not for everyone. Children younger than age six should use fluoride mouth rinses since they may swallow them.
Ensure you contact a dentist before using any new product, and check the manufacturer’s label for the age recommendations and precautions. Also, talk to your dentist about fluoride mouth rinses before using them.
These extra tips will help you maintain healthy teeth and gums
- Curtail the number of sweet drinks you take
- After meals or intake of sugary or acidic beverages, drink plenty of fluoridated water. It will help reduce the acid
- Use a straw when you can to reduce the contact between the sugary beverage and your teeth
- Instead of sugary drinks, go for water, milk, or yogurt.
Read Also, Dental Hygienist London
Describe potential client problems associated with a lack of oral hygiene
Heart and strokes
The most important and life-threatening condition that can affect the human body is a heath attack or stroke. Poor oral hygiene increases the chances of strokes much fold has been proved in many journals of the American heart association.
POOR ROAL HYGIENE increases the thickening of blood vessels as these vessels imbibe more LDL (Low-density lipids ) in monocytes. This causes a decrease in the size of blood vessels and hence less blood flow and more chances of heath attack.
Also in patients with a cardiac history, it is very important to take care of oral hygiene to prevent chances of recurrence.
Good oral health is very important for a pregnant lady for a normal and healthy baby. Pregnant women and their baby is very prone to many diseases due to poor oral hygiene. poor oral health increases the chances of low birth weight babies.
This means the weight of the baby while birth is less than 2500 gms. This occurs due to the inflammation injunction that joins the baby and mother (Placenta). This causes decreased nutrition to a baby and hence low birth weight. Also chances of premature parturition increase in such women.
Very Important is to get the teeth cleaned before pregnancy and proper oral health care should be taken. Then else it can lead to bleeding gums, pregnancy tumors, swelling in gums, and hence can lead to another disease in the body that can affect the baby.
Diabetes is a very dangerous disease and is called a slow killer as it affects all organs of the body if not controlled. It leads to pyorrhea (Periodontitis ) and it is very common in diabetic patients.
Gums start bleeding, the tooth becomes mobile, food lodgement between teeth and gams increase in between teeth. Hence it is very important to maintain proper oral hygiene in diabetic patients.
Chances of Lung infection increase in poor hygiene patients. As ORAL cavity is a pool for all respiratory pathogens. In debilitated and Old patients colonization and establishment by pulmonary pathogens in Dental plaque (in the oral cavity ) is very frequent.
Teeth decay, caries, swollen gums, infection in gums can all upsurge chances of Lung infection.
Smoking is the gravest habit that affects oral health and causes life-threatening diseases. It can cause oral cancer and lung cancer, High blood pressure, COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).
Poor oral hygiene and smoking add to the condition as it even decreases body immunity and endangers the body for multiple life intimidating diseases.S SMOKING KILLS !!
Natural remedies for gum disease and loose teeth
Your teeth are very sensitive and one needs to take proper oral care to ensure that your visits to the dentists are limited. There are a lot of teeth issues that one can encounter and can lead to sitting on the orthodontist’s chair which most people despise.
There are a lot of reasons that can take you to the dentist and you need to avoid all such reasons. Eating unhealthy food, not brushing your teeth daily, not removing cavities from your teeth can all turn out to be a nuisance for people who want to have healthy teeth.
There are ways in which you can solve half of your teeth problems at home without needing to go to a dentist. But for that one needs to follow a proper plan to ensure that the teeth remain healthy.
There are home remedies that can help you fight off your toothache when a bacteria has entered your tooth. There can be real pain when such things happen and taking home remedies to relieve the pain can turn out to be the exact thing that you are looking for.
We will now take you through some of the home remedies that you can use to keep your teeth healthy.
Salt Water Rinse
There are different causes of orthodontic problems which include bleeding of gums and tooth abscesses. These problems are often cured when you go and visit a dentist but few people know that these problems can be cured at home as well.
Rinsing your teeth with salt water is one easy and efficient way to provide you relief from a tooth abscess and gum bleeding. Salt has antiseptic properties that help in reducing swelling and infections. To use this remedy you need to mix a half cup of water with a half teaspoon of salt.
Once done rinse your mouth with the saltwater and try to swish around that water in your mouth for a minimum of two minutes. Once done spit out the water and repeat this activity three to four times a day.
Keeping your teeth healthy with the things that you have got in your home is a very good option. Baking soda is one such thing that is readily available in everyone’s kitchen almost every day. Baking soda can be used to fight off your toothache and remove any plaque that is stored in your teeth.
The antibacterial properties of baking soda also help in fighting off gums from bleeding. To use this home remedy,
- you need to mix half a cup of water in half a tablespoon of baking soda.
- Add a pinch of salt to the mixture and start swishing it around in your mouth for about five minutes.
- Once done you can spit the water out and start the process again.
- The whole thing can be done 3-4 times a day depending on the pain of your teeth.
Fenugreek tea is made when the seeds of the fenugreek plant are brewed in water. There are a lot of advantages of fenugreek tea to the health of the human body and keeping the teeth healthy is one of them.
The antibacterial properties of the tea are very important to fight off tooth bacteria along with stopping gum bleeding.
Fenugreek tea can heal wounds and also reduce inflammation.
- To use the remedy at home,
- you need to take 1 cup of hot water and stir 1 teaspoon of fenugreek tea in it.
- After the mixing is completed, allow the mixture to cool down
- and then apply it to the affected tooth area with the help of cotton.
This process can be done 3-4 times a day to get better results.
Clove oil is considered to be a helpful ingredient when it comes to keeping your teeth healthy. This particular oil may not be very common amongst all households but can be found in the majority of them.
Clove Oil is used by people to provide relief from their toothache and gum bleeding. The remedy of clove oil can be used by directly applying the oil to the affected area with the help of cotton.
Clove oil can also be used with water as you place a few drops of the oil in water and then use it as your mouthwash. Clove oil can be used three times a day only and not more than that.
Oregano oil is easily available in households as compared to clove oil. This all-natural oil has great antibacterial and antioxidant capabilities. The use of oregano oil can reduce the swelling and pain in your teeth in no time.
- Apply oregano oil on cotton and hold it on the affected area for 2-3 minutes.
- The cotton can be removed but the oregano oil needs to be present on the affected area for 10 minutes before it is rinsed.
- This entire process can be repeated 3 times a day.
All these home remedies for healthy teeth are easy as all things are available at home. The use of these remedies can reduce your visits to your dentists and keep your teeth healthy at the same time.