What are calluses?
There is a good chance you’ve dealt with calluses on your hands or your feet at some point in your life. Calluses are caused by repetitive friction on a certain area of the skin. While athletes are particularly prone to them (from activities like lifting weights, rowing on an erg machine, or running down the track), anyone who does a repetitive movement in their everyday routine can build up calluses.
While calluses on your hands and feet shouldn’t cause any pain, they can be unsightly, and sometimes a bit uncomfortable. It is important to note that you don’t want to fully get rid of your calluses. Calluses are vital for protecting your skin, especially if you do any regular repetitive movements in the affected area. They create a cushion for your soft skin underneath, protecting it from any aggressors or irritants that are working against it. 
What you do want to do is pick a method to maintain them by keeping them shaved down to their optimal level. While you might be tempted to just let them be (especially if you are unbothered by their appearance), callus maintenance is crucial for your skin health. Calluses that build up too much and get too thick and dry are prone to rips. Callus rips can be painful and can throw a wrench into your normal routine.
It is best to take care of calluses early so that they don’t end up causing future pain. By keeping your calluses shaved down at a functional level, they will still protect your skin, without putting your calluses in danger of hand rips. Thankfully, callus care is easy, and you’ll only need a tool or two to keep them in top shape regularly.
Causes of calluses
- Not wearing cotton socks.
- Poor quality and bad shape footwear.
- Walking barefoot on a hard surface.
- Repeatedly jogging or walking for long hours.
- Old age.
- Shoes are too loose
- Anything that causes pressure on the skin.
When to consult a physician
If the calluses are very painful and the person has diabetes, fragile skin, or circulatory issues,
then it is better to consult a doctor who is a foot care specialist.
How to prevent calluses?
There are some natural ways you can prevent calluses
- Wear well-fitting footwear which are made from good quality material
- which fits well and does not harm your skin.
- Look for any foot pain or marks irritation.
- have a regular check-up with a specialist
- Wear cotton clean shoes everyday use powder to prevent the foot from sweating.
- With treatment calluses will go but if your lifestyle is not changed and proper foot care is not
followed then chances are there it will come back.
If you are looking to take care of your calluses, check out some of these top treatment and home remedy options.
Any activity that requires a high amount of friction over the fingers or toes may lead to the growth of calluses or corns.
this condition can affect any age group people, most commonly people over 65 years are prone to this condition.
Callus and corns are shown to affect 20% to 65% of people in this age range. few risk factors are
- Abnormalities in gait
- Poorly fitting shoes
- Certain occupations, such as farmers or garden workers
- Using equipment tools.
Home remedies for calluses on your feet
- Warm Water: The simplest home remedy for calluses just requires warm water and a bowl or sink with a drain stopper. Give the affected area a soak in warm water for 20 minutes. Dry off the skin, and then see if you can rub off the top layer of skin on the calluses with your fingers. Be gentle and patient with this process—rubbing too hard can lead to rips. If your calluses aren’t overly thick, this remedy may be all you need to do.
- Apple Cider Vinegar: If you have apple cider vinegar lying around, you could add it to your bowl of warm water for an extra kick. The acid in the vinegar can help soften the skin even further. Make a concoction of one part apple cider vinegar to four parts warm water, and follow the instructions listed above.
- Epsom Salt: Epsom salt is another useful product that you might already have in your home. Since it can be used as an exfoliator, it can help you slough off the layer of dead skin. Mix 2 to 3 tablespoons in a bowl of warm water, and then follow the instructions under warm water as listed above. 
- Baking Soda: You can make your exfoliating paste using two ingredients you probably already have: baking soda and lime or lemon juice. By combining an acid (lime or lemon) with a chemical (baking soda), you create a reaction that will help dissolve the dead skin cells.
- Start with a tablespoon or two of water, and add enough baking soda to create a thicker paste consistency.
- Add a few drops of your citrus, and then mix it all.
- Apply the mixture to your calluses, and leave it overnight.
- You can wear some sort of covering (like socks, gloves, or bandages) to keep the paste in place.
Salicylic acid: Salicylic acid helps to eliminate the dead skin cells caused by Calluses infection, and help to improve skin condition and reduce calluses symptoms.
- Pumice Stone: Pumice stones gently exfoliate the skin, getting rid of the top layer of the callus you are treating. They work best on damp skin that has been softened in water, so you can use one right after you shower. Take the stone and rub it across a callus, using a circular or side-to-side motion. Knock off any dead skin that gets stuck to the stone as you are going through the process, and continue until all calluses are treated. Pumice stones vary in quality, so make sure you are getting the best option if you choose this route. Options you find in the drugstore often include synthetic ingredients, so be sure to look at labels closely. The natural pumice stone is a great choice, as it is free of these synthetic ingredients, and is irregularly-shaped and more porous than what you’ll typically find at the drugstore. This means it is more abrasive and much more durable.
Coconut oil: Coconut oil is a good home remedy for skin-related infections.it helps to moisturize the skin and make it soft apply pure organic to your affected areas.
Castor oil: has properties that are natural skin lubricants. It can help to relieve callus symptoms you have to do is soaking your callus in warm water with 5 tablespoon castor oil in it, your skin will soothe and lubricate the affected area.
But if you don’t get results even after applying the above treatment then callus shaver is another popular tool that helps people shave off the top layer of dead skin on calluses. As opposed to the pumice stone, they work best on dry skin, as it gives you more control over how much exactly you are shaving off. You simply glide the callus shaver across the affected area, knocking out any dead skin that gets caught in the blades along the way.
First-time callus shaver users might be unsure about using this tool due to the blades, but it is safe and pain-free. Since calluses are made of dead skin, the tool doesn’t cause any pain to the skin. A great option is the w.o.d.welder Callus Shaver, which is built with a safety guard that adds extra security.
Calluses are easy to take care of with these simple tools and home remedies. If you regularly participate in activities that build up your calluses, remember to treat them consistently. With a regular care plan, your calluses will keep your skin safe without getting in your way!
Resources and useful links