How much does obesity increase risk of heart disease

PROFESSIONAL HIGHLIGHTS. She has been trained in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care Medicine, and Anxiety Medicine. In addition, she was also trained in Thoracic Transplantation Medicine and Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. CERTIFICATIONS Dr. Sarah Edwards is Board Certified in the following: • Internal Medicine • Child Diseases • Critical Medicine • She is also a Diplomate of The American Board of Anxiety Medicine. EDUCATION Postgraduate: • University of Nevada School of Medicine • Residency: Internal Medicine

Obesity and cardiovascular disease share several risk factors. Obesity also raises your risk of developing a slew of other heart disease-related conditions.

While inflammation can harm your cardiovascular system, it can also alter the heart’s structure and function. Cardiovascular disease is more likely to occur if you have high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol levels, or diabetes.

Your chances of developing metabolic syndrome go up if you’re obese. High blood pressure, low HDL (“good”) cholesterol, triglyceride levels, high blood sugar, and a large waist circumference are all risk factors for heart disease (35 inches or more for women, 40 inches or more for men).

Obesity-induced high blood pressure irritates artery plaque, increasing the risk of rupturing and resulting in a heart attack.

How much does obesity increase risk of heart disease

Symptoms

According to the type of heart disease and whether or not you are a man or a woman, symptoms can differ. If a heart attack strikes, men are more likely to complain of pain in their chests, while women are more likely to complain of other symptoms such as nausea, shortness of breath, and exhaustion.

Symptoms of coronary artery disease (CAD) include:

  • Asthma (pain, tightness, pressure, or discomfort in the chest)
  • Anxiety about running out of air
  • Light-headedness
  • Anxiety and discomfort in the upper abdomen, the neck, or the jaw

Obesity-induced cardiovascular disease

Obesity can cause a variety of heart problems:

coronary artery disease:

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is caused by the buildup of cholesterol plaques in the arteries of the heart, and obesity is associated with this condition.

Metabolic syndrome, diabetes, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure are all associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), but obesity itself is also a risk factor for the disease. Obesity that is “central” or “visceral,” or centered around the abdomen, increases a person’s risk of coronary artery disease (CAD).

Heart failure:

Heart failure can occur even in people who do not have coronary artery disease (CAD). Obesity may lead to heart failure in the absence of coronary artery disease (CAD), but there are two main theories.

As a first step, obesity causes the heart to pump harder, which can lead to heart failure in the long run.

A condition is known as ventricular hypertrophy effect on heart when it has to work harder, increasing in muscle size.

Another risk factor for heart failure is the connection between obesity and the breathing disorder known as sleep apnea.

Atrial fibrillation: 

Obesity has been linked to an abnormal heart rhythm known as atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is a common complication of heart failure. Obesity, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation all share a common pathway.

Sudden heart failure:

People without CAD, heart failure or any other heart condition have an increased risk of sudden cardiac death when obese, according to some research.

Obesity-related heart disease treatments

Weight loss has been shown to improve a wide range of obesity-related cardiac conditions, including coronary artery disease (CAD). Diet, exercise, medication, and bariatric surgery are among the most common methods of treatment for obesity.

You can buy the heart medication online prescribed by your doctor. Cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia, are generally improved as a result of this type of weight loss.

Weight loss has the potential to reduce cardiovascular disease and stroke risk in a significant way, even if the changes in some risk factors (such as blood pressure) are modest.

Losing weight does not seem to matter as much in terms of its effects on plasma lipids, blood pressure, and insulin sensitivity as to whether or not it was achieved through a low-carb or more conventional high carb, low fat, low-calorie diet.

In contrast, weight loss via liposuction of subcutaneous fat does not improve insulin sensitivity, blood pressure, or dyslipidemia, suggesting that loss of visceral fat via the conventional methods listed above is more important than actually losing adipose mass.

Diagnosis

There will be questions about any previous medical conditions you’ve had, as well as any in your family, asked by your doctor during your physical examination.

Depending on the condition your doctor thinks you have, the diagnosis you will need to determine if you have heart disease will vary. Besides a blood test and a chest X-ray, other tests can be used to detect heart disease:

1.Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)

An ECG is a simple and painless test that measures your heart’s electrical activity. It can detect abnormal heartbeats. An ECG can be taken while you’re lying down or while you’re working out (stress electrocardiogram).

2.Holter monitoring

Holter monitors are small, battery-powered ECG devices that you wear around your neck for up to 72 hours to continuously record your heartbeats. To detect heart rhythm problems that are not found during a normal ECG exam, Holter monitoring is employed.

3.Echocardiogram

The heart’s structure can be seen in great detail thanks to the use of sound waves in this non-invasive exam. Shows the heart’s rhythm and pumping action.

To put yourself through a real-world test. As your heart rate is raised through exercise or medication, this type of test measures how your heart responds through testing and imaging.

4.Cardiac catheterization

An artery or vein in your leg or arm is inserted with a short tube (sheath) during this procedure. In the sheath, the guide catheter, which is longer and more flexible, can be inserted.

Your doctor carefully threads the catheter through your artery until it reaches your heart using an X-ray image on a monitor as a guide.

Your heart chamber pressures can be measured and dye injected during cardiac catheterization. To check for problems with your heart’s blood flow, your doctor will use the dye to be seen on an X-ray.

5. Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan 

A doughnut-shaped machine is used to perform a cardiac CT scan. Images of your heart and lungs are captured by an X-ray tube that revolves around your body as you sit in the machine.

6.Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Magnetic fields and computer-generated radio waves are used in a cardiac MRI to produce high-resolution images of the heart.

Lifestyle adjustments for a healthier you

Your doctor may advise you to make lifestyle changes to your diet and exercise habits to achieve and maintain a healthy weight.

1.Healthy eating

To maintain a healthy weight and body weight, you must know what foods and nutrients to consume. To maintain a healthy weight, it is essential to consume the correct amount of calories.

Reduce your calorie intake gradually if you want to lose weight. Visit recipes for healthy foods and plan ahead of time. Any diet or eating plan should be discussed with your doctor first.

2.Physical exercise

There are numerous advantages to being physically active and meeting the yearly guidelines for physical activity. When it comes to maintaining a healthy weight, losing excess weight, or maintaining weight loss that has already been achieved, regular physical activity is critical.

Ask your doctor about the appropriate amount of physical activity for you before beginning any exercise program.

3.Good Sleep

Obesity and sleep deprivation have been linked in research. Deficiency and Deprivation in Sleep provide additional details.

Taking precautions by achieving and maintaining a healthy weight can be easier if you make long-term changes to your diet and exercise routine, such as adopting a heart-healthy diet and increasing your physical activity.

For instance:

  • Make sure that the amount of energy you expend is greater than the amount you put in.
  • To keep the weight off, you must maintain the same level of energy intake and output.
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