(Last Updated On: February 10, 2020)
All you should know about interior lighting design
Lighting, many people think that it is just a lamp in the living room, dining room, kitchen, bedroom and other spaces, is there anything need to design? There are particular about this. Therefore, the lighting design to be described below, we can understand how to layout the lights in the interior, say goodbye to the simple and rough lighting before.
If you want to relax the interior lighting, improve the taste of the room, and create a sense of hierarchy in the room, you must first understand and understand the lighting to use the lighting properly.
Knowledge about lighting
1: Confirm the type of light you need
2: Confirm the lighting method you need
Light categories are divided into ambient light, contour light, focus light Ambient light refers to the conventional light source with the largest illumination range. The direct light source and direction cannot be seen, and it has soft light.
Contour light mainly emphasizes the contours of walls, ceilings, etc., creating a sense of layering in the space, and can also increase the beauty of the interior. Focus light, relatively small range of illumination, concentrated light, mainly used to create a local atmosphere.
The effects of the three lights are different, and of course, the lighting methods are also different.
Lighting design suggestions for each room
Let’s take a look at how the lights are spatially laid out.
Traditional lighting only serves as basic lighting, without considering the convenience of use. The human body will block the focus light, and the limited light source will allow the shadow of the porch cabinet to block the view. As a result of the visit, changing shoes was inconvenient.
Although people stay at the entrance for a short time, a bright light is still important. The ceiling can use embedded energy-saving lamps that are suitable for overall lighting, and the light is even and sufficient. The hanging part of the porch cabinet can be supplemented with lights.
A traditional living room can be easily illuminated with a ceiling lamp or fluorescent tube. However, it lacks characteristics and variability, and cannot be adjusted according to changes in the behaviour of space users.
The living room as the core area of a home, no matter what the behaviour, the main lighting of the living room is indispensable. The ambient light as the main lighting only needs to illuminate the entire area, without being too intense. (Recommend lohasled e26 led light bulbs/Philips led light bulbs as the light source)
The following two types of lighting are used as the main lighting in the living room of a typical family:
However, since there are obvious lighting boundaries between these two, and they are concentrated light sources, it is not easy to adjust. Therefore, we suggest that you can use point light sources, evenly distributed on the ceiling, adjust the brightness according to demand, and save electricity.
You can also choose a diffuse lighting fixture with a strong sense of shape to meet the lighting needs of the core area.
In the area of the TV wall, you can add softer and more uniform indirect lighting. Such as light strips or some small table lamps. This can make people more relaxed. A light slot can be installed above the TV to provide diffusely reflected light for the entire space, reducing the brightness difference between the TV picture and the back, and alleviating visual fatigue.
You can add a floor lamp to the corner next to the TV. It can make the living room look more layered. It can also provide a soft mid-range visual light when you watch TV, making your eyes have a more comfortable experience. At the same time, a floor lamp with a high value is also a decoration that enhances the style of the family.
If you need to read, you can add a soft light desk lamp or floor reading lamp in the sofa area. The light from the reading lamp and the indirect lighting from the front make the eyes more comfortable.
Generally, there are decorative paintings on the edge of the living room. You can use adjustable track spotlights to provide lighting, and at the same time provide indirect lighting to the nearby space. Guests can appreciate the beautiful paintings when they come home.
Most family restaurants use a ceiling light to complete the area lighting, which meets daily use, but the experience is not good.
The restaurant needs to meet two points in lighting: one is to see the dishes but to see clearly. The purpose of lighting design is to better show the colour of food and people.
The main purpose of restaurant lighting is to highlight the cuisine. You can choose downlights or high-value chandeliers to increase the personality of the space and highlight the deliciousness of the food. To avoid the situation where the dining table is too bright and other areas are too dark, you can add a uniformly distributed downlight, or add a floor lamp to increase diffuse reflection lighting to form a soft light space.
The kitchen is the place where food is produced, and it is also the place where the whole family needs light most, but most people just install a ceiling lamp in the centre of the ceiling. However, when you cut vegetables and cook, you will find that you just blocked the light under the ceiling lamp, and there is a shadow where you are facing.
The kitchen should use white lights, too warm or cold will affect the judgment of ingredients. Light is still needed in the centre of the kitchen as the overall lighting of the kitchen. Add focus light above the cooking table and sink, and install small spotlights for local and accent lighting. The storage area of the kitchen can be supplemented with contour light to supplement the lighting, and a light strip can be installed for easy access.
If it is an open kitchen, you can choose a narrow light speed angle spotlight with adjustable angle to illuminate the cooking table, which can adjust the light more flexibly.
The bedroom is the area where we rest. In addition to the usual activities of the bedroom, the lighting in the bedroom must also take into account when the night is up. That would be very exciting.
The bedroom lighting can be divided into three parts: A overall lighting, B pillow local lighting, and C wardrobe local lighting.
The overall lighting can be installed in the middle of the bedroom (on the ceiling at the bottom of the bed), avoiding the position where the light directly enters the line of sight when lying down. A diffused ceiling or sculptural chandelier can illuminate the entire bedroom. The soft light strips are arranged to raise the ceiling, and the indirect lighting through diffuse reflection assists the entire space with lighting, and the overall feeling is very comfortable.
The local lighting around the pillows is designed to allow people to perform pre-tax activities on the bed and set up easily at night. You can install wall lamps that do not take up space on the two sections of the wall about 1.8m away from the bed or set up bedside counter lamps or floor lamps.
If you are afraid of the dark, you can learn the hotel and set a corner light at the end of the bed to increase the sense of security. You only need to turn on a small light when you go to bed at night.
If you like to watch TV at night, you should also disperse the screen glare. Add light grooves on both sides of the background wall to reduce the contrast between light and dark, to avoid damage to vision in the dim environment.
The local lighting of the wardrobe is to make it easier for users to see the inside of the wardrobe when opening the wardrobe. The cloakroom needs a uniform, colour-free environment light, with light strips on both sides of the mirror, and supplementary lighting for the wardrobe and shelves. It is best to choose LED products that generate less heat.
Do not look at the small area of the bathroom, the lighting inside is quite famous. The lighting of the bathroom is unreasonable. Shadows will appear on the face in front of the mirror, which is not conducive to facial cleaning activities such as makeup and shaving.
In front of the mirror area, increase the illumination in front of the mirror so that the light source hits the face evenly, which can avoid the above situation. You can also add a light strip to the place where the toiletries are placed under the mirror cabinet. Light strips are used above the bathtub to replace traditional direct ceiling lamps, creating a uniform and soft light. Avoid the influence of the central light source on the eyes.
I want to create a house where life and lighting are coordinated. Understand and make good use of these lights, a variety of lamps and lanterns work together to create a bright and warm living room atmosphere.