There are a great many tiny blood vessels in the delicate lining of the nose
These small capillaries are easily broken. Any number of things can rupture some of these small vessels and cause a nosebleed. An accident or assault that results in a blow to the nose can cause your nose to bleed. If you put something in your nose, bleeding can result from the trauma.
Even just blowing your nose can start a nosebleed. Inflammation from a cold, an allergy, or dry winter air can cause the vessels to swell and rupture. You may even awaken with blood on your sheets or stain your nightclothes. When a nosebleed occurs from one of these causes, it seldom hurts. More uncomfortable causes include local infection, such as sinusitis, or systemic infections such as scarlet fever, malaria, or typhoid fever.
Blood can be swallowed during a nosebleed, especially one that occurs during the night. If enough blood is involved, you may vomit it up or pass a dark, tarry looking stool after the nosebleed has stopped.
The blood coming from the nose during a nosebleed can be a continuous stream or a small trickle. It may look as if you are losing a lot of blood, but not much blood is actually lost during the typical nosebleed.
Although a bloody nose, too especially one that comes on suddenly and without warning, can be unnerving, nosebleeds can usually be managed easily at home.
Like most wounds, ruptured capillaries inside the nose will heal completely in about ten days
Certain medical conditions can increase the likelihood of nosebleeds, among them high blood pressure, aplastic anemia, hemophilia, leukemia, Hodgkin's disease, rheumatic fever, thrombocytopenia, and severe liver disease. The use of certain drugs, notably anticoagulants(blood thinners) and aspirin, may be involved as well. Other factors that increase the possibility of nosebleeds include the prolonged use of nose drops, exposure to irritating chemicals, vitamin-C deficiency, high altitude, and a dry climate.
- Vitamin C and bioflavonoids help prevent capillary fragility. Take 500 to 1,000 milligrams of each four times daily for two days after a nosebleed. Then take 500 milligrams of each twice a day for at least one month.
- Vitamin K helps the blood to clot more efficiently. If you suffer from recurring nosebleeds, take 25 micrograms once or twice daily for one month.
- Another way to stop a nosebleed too wet a bit of cotton or plain sterile gauze with white vinegar and place it in your nose. Leave it in place for at least ten minutes. The acid of the vinegar will gently cauterize the inside of the nose and stop the bleeding.
Prevention of Nose Bleeding
- If you develop a nosebleed, do the following:
- Calmly sit down in an upright position, not back in the chair. This will help to keep blood from going down the back of your throat. Breathe through your mouth.
- Tilt your head forward (not backward).
- Place your thumb and forefinger on either side of the bridge of your nose and pinch the soft part of your nose firmly for ten minutes without releasing. Apply pressure firmly enough to slow bleeding, but not so strongly as to cause discomfort. Pressure decreases the blood flow through the affected area, slowing bleeding. You can also place a cold compress on the bridge of your nose. This has not been proven to be effective but seems to help constrict the local blood vessels.
- After ten minutes, release the nostrils slowly and check to see if the bleeding has stopped. Avoid touching or blowing your nose. If the bleeding has not stopped, apply pressure for another ten-minute period.
- If your nose is still bleeding steadily after twenty minutes of pressure, call your health-care provider.
Also, Read Natural Home Remedies for Vomiting
Author: Dr. Izharul Hasan