A good cardiologist from a top heart specialist clinic in Singapore can treat heart diseases effectively to avoid untimely deaths.
Cardiovascular disease covers a broad spectrum of heart disorders from coronary artery disease to a heart attack. From cardiac arrest to heart failure and many more. The terms connected to cardiovascular disease can often be quite confusing for the common man.
In this article, we will discuss briefly what these terms mean. While it is easy to get in touch with an expert cardiologist in Singapore by logging on to https://juliantanheartspecialistclinic.com patients must understand their condition well to set the right expectations about treatment.
When the heart is unable to pump enough blood to the body for supporting it to carry out its functions, it is a sign of heart failure. Heart failure manifests through an array of symptoms caused by a stiff or weakened heart.
A heart attack is also known as myocardial infarction is one of the causes of heart failure, and during the attack, the supply of blood is suddenly cut off, the heart becomes weak and about to stop. Usually, chest pain is the most common symptom of a heart attack in addition to jaw pain or left arm pain, fatigue, nausea, breathing trouble, and cold sweats.
Unlike a heart attack, heart failure might not happen suddenly, but it can gradually develop from some acute or chronic condition that you can recover from. Some progressive symptoms tell you about the possibility of heart failure. Usually, cases of heart failure are chronic in nature.
Excessive fatigue, loss of appetite, sudden weight gain, persistent coughing, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, bulging neck veins, and leg and ankle swelling are signs of heart problems that can lead to heart failure. Timely treatment can control the conditions and increases the chances of recovery in the long term.
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Coronary artery disease (CAD)
Coronary artery disease results from damaged or diseased arteries or blood vessels that supply blood, nutrients, and oxygen to the heart. The damage causes the deposition of plaque or fatty deposits made up of cholesterol and other cellular waste products inside the walls of the arteries.
The process known as atherosclerosis narrows the artery and restricts blood flow to the heart. If the plaque surface ruptures or breaks down, platelets will accumulate at the site to repair the damage. The mass of platelets can often block the artery so much that it leads to a heart attack.
The risk of CAD increases with age for both men and women with post-menopausal women more susceptible to the disease. The risk is higher for those with a family history of the disease.
Cardiac arrest is a sign that the body’s electrical system has malfunctioned, and it happens suddenly without any warning as the blood flow from the heart stops at that moment. When the heart is unable to pump blood, the person faints, and there is no pulse beat.
Inability to start treatment immediately can result in the death of the victim. When someone collapses with no signs of life, it is a definite sign of cardiac arrest.
Only timely treatment under a good cardiologist can save lives.