How to get rid of dandruff at home permanently: 10 home remedies

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Dr Sarah Edwards MD
PROFESSIONAL HIGHLIGHTS Dr. Sarah served as Clinical Assistant Professor and Visiting Professor University of the Wester specialties include Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Diseases, Critical Care Medicine, and anxiety Medicine. ABOUT DR. SARAH EDWARDS Dr. Sarah Edwards is a Locum Tenens physician. She received Sher medical degree from the University of the West School of Medicine and completed Sher specialty training at the Medical College of Georgia in Augusta, GA, and at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, TX. She has been trained in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Disease, Critical Care Medicine, and Anxiety Medicine. In addition, she was also trained in Thoracic Transplantation Medicine and Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Dr. Edwards has a special interest in Integrative Medicine, especially the non-pharmacologic treatment of Sleep Disorders. CERTIFICATIONS Dr. Sarah Edwards is Board Certified in the following: • Internal Medicine • Child Diseases • Critical Medicine • She is also a Diplomate of The American Board of Anxiety Medicine. EDUCATION Postgraduate: • University of Nevada School of Medicine • Residency: Internal Medicine

What is dandruff?

How to get rid of dandruff at home permanently

Dandruff is mostly a result of a dry scalp or a skin condition called seborrheic dermatitis. Other causes may also include eczema, psoriasis, or even an overgrowth of a yeast-like fungus called Malassezia. There are tons of shampoo brands promoting their anti-dandruff shampoo in the US market.

Well, there’s one thing you should keep in mind – you may like various brands of such shampoos because of the smell, effect, or even the model endorsing the brand, but the truth is that in a long run, they potentially cause problems like weak hair roots and split ends.

Dandruff and Dry Scalp 4-21′ Often an embarrassing situation because of its overt manifestation, dry scalp is much like any other skin problem. At some time or the other, most people suffer the effects of dry scalp.
It leads to flaky white layers of the scalp or dandruff dislodging from the skin and falling all over our clothing. While skin sheds all the time, it is usually the scalp that reacts more intensely to the change in lifestyle, diet, or weather, and as a consequence, the number of dry scalp cases is always rising.

Causes of hair scalp dandruff

how to get rid of dandruff at home permanently

  • Air pollution
  • Head and dry hair
  • Alkaline shampoos
  • An unbalanced diet
  • Stress
  • not shampooing enough
  • Oily skin
  • Dry skin
  • Brushing your hair regularly

Dandruff Happens Due to Dry Skin

Many people are having dry skin and dry skin is more prone to have dandruff. It is also seen that cold-weather air also causes itchy and flaking skin. It happens when the skin usually gets drier than usual.

Not Maintain the Hair Care Properly

When you maintain your hair properly then dandruff doesn’t happen. Dandruff happens when you brush your hair improperly and not cleans the comb then over time you will experience dandruff.

Whenever you comb your hair then you are removing the dead cells from the hair. Not proper combing for a certain period eventually develops dandruff and increases the dead skin cells on the scalp.

Not Doing Shampoo

Not doing shampooing properly increase the dead skin cells and accumulate oil on the scalp and causes dandruff.

Mental Stress

Stress is the reason behind hair loss and it’s seen that being constantly stressed increase the chances of skin problem. Many researchers believe that the high level of stress creates a problem in the immune system which normally affects the physical and mental balance. The development of dandruff starts from here.

There are cases where the dandruff is itchy, it happens where the stress can “perpetuate an itch-scratch cycle” i.e. when any person scratches at their scalp, the itching becomes more. And many other complications face social and self-esteem problems.

Certain Diseases

Certain diseases like heart diseases, Parkinson’s disease, and poor immunity are the causes behind the development of dandruff.

Yeast Allergy

Yeast is a fungus that is present in the atmosphere. Some people face years of allergy and this is the known problem for dandruff.


When you are exposed to a certain type of things like soap, jewelry, cosmetic products, fragrances, etc. Then this can develop dandruff and increase the reaction on the scalp. Sometimes people who use sprays and gel on the hair suffer from dandruff. This happens when the skin is sensitive and many harsh chemicals are there which increases the problem.


Diet is also the reason behind dandruff as it increases the chances of poor immunity in the body. Consuming enough foods that contain nutrients like zinc, B vitamins, and proteins.

Well, here are some natural products that are more effective than anti-dandruff shampoos and are free of side effects:

How to get rid of dandruff at home permanently

How to get rid of dandruff at home permanently

Aloe Vera

Aloe vera has heaps of healthy properties for your hair, It also helps to get rid of dandruff and it protects the scalp from any further unwanted damage.


The roughness of normal table salt does a  great job of scrubbing dandruff out of your hair ahead of shampooing. Use a saltshaker to shake a bit of salt into the dry scalp.
And then working it right through the hair, massage your scalp. You’ll notice that the flaky dry skin has vanished and you will be ready for a good shampoo.


For treating a bad bout of dandruff, use your usual shampoo to wash your hair and then rinse using a mouthwash that contains alcohol. You can then finish the process using your usual conditioner.

Baking Soda

  • Get your hair wet and massage a bit of baking soda right into the scalp.
  • Doing this each time you have a hair wash, but just using baking soda and no shampoo does wonder.
  • Hair may become overly dry to start with. But later on in a couple of weeks, the scalp will start
  • making natural oils, making your hair even softer, and no more flakes.
  • Wash your hairs, and rub a handful of baking soda into your scalp.
  • Rinse your hairs. Baking soda reduces dandruff-causing fungi to a considerable level.
  • This prevents your hairs from becoming a home for these dandruff-causing agents.
  • Your hair may get dried out at first, but after a few weeks, your scalp will start producing natural oils.
  • This would make your hair softer and healthier.
  • Make sure that you do it not more than once a week.

Dandruff Shampoo

The ingredients of many dandruff shampoos all target different outcomes. Zinc pyrithione will target bacteria and fungi, ketoconazole will also fight fungi; selenium sulfide and coal tar will slow down the spread of dying scalp skin cells; salicylic acid will dislodge scalp flakes so they get rinsed away. If anyone does not work properly, buy a few different sorts, and change them around a bit.

Vitamin E

Using jojoba oil, olive oil, and various natural lotions that contain vitamin E on the affected hair will help to prevent the scalp from dryness. Vitamin E creams are good for many skin conditions and they are great home remedies for dry scalp.

Almond and Olive

Massage a mixture of equal amounts of almond and olive oil to your hair, leave it on for 5 minutes and then wash off using a mild shampoo.


Boil some dried thyme in 2 cups of water for 10 minutes and once the concoction cools down, massage your scalp with it. Then after leaving it on your scalp for half an hour, wash off using water.

Neem Oil

Apply neem oil to your dry itchy scalp for relief from scalp redness and initial psoriasis conditions. For better effects, add a spoon of camphor to the neem oil before massaging it into your scalp. This is also a good remedy for psoriasis and a great treatment option for a dry scalp.


  • By rubbing a couple of tbs of lemon juice right into the scalp and rinsing with water you can eliminate dandruff.
  • Mix just one tsp of lemon juice into a cup of water and then wash your hair using the mix.
  • Repeat this activity each day or till dandruff goes away.
  • The itchy scalp will dissipate, and your hair will again smell fresh.

Tea Tree Oil

While planning to wash your hair, just add a few drops of tea tree oil to water.
  • Now wash your head thoroughly.
  • It would not only remove existing dandruff but also prevent this problem in the future.
  • You can use it once a week.
  • Tea tree oil is a herb that will help in the treatment of your dandruff problem.
  • You just have to apply it to your scalp or mix it with your shampoo for relief from dandruff.

Also, Read How to reduce hair fall and increase hair growth

Apple cider vinegar

Another effective home remedy treatment involves using vinegar.

  • Mix about 2 spoons of vinegar with 6 spoons of water and apply this to the scalp using cotton swabs, before sleeping.
  • Wash your hair thoroughly the next morning, and rinse with vinegar water.
  • This should be repeated once a week for 3 months for optimum relief from dandruff.
  • The acidity of apple cider vinegar changes the pH of your scalp.
  • This makes it harder for the yeast to grow.
  • Take a quarter cup apple cider vinegar along with a quarter cup of water in a spray bottle used in a salon.
  • Now just spritz on your scalp.
  • Then gist wraps your head in a towel.
  • Let it sit for 15 minutes to an hour. Then, wash your hair as usual.
  • You should try this twice a week.

Recommended Read: DIY Treatments for Dandruff

Coconut oil

Massage 3-5 tablespoons of coconut oil into your scalp. Let it sit for about half an hour or so. After that, just shampoo with any one of the natural methods. You can also look for a natural shampoo that already contains coconut oil.


  • Open your refrigerator, and grab some lemons.
  • You need to massage 2 tablespoons of lemon juice into your scalp.
  • Then, rinse your hair.
  • Then, for conditioning, stir 1 teaspoon lemon juice into 1 cup water.
  • Rinse it thoroughly and then dry them.
  • This method can be used every day.
  • Try using it regularly until and unless dandruff leaves your scalp.
  • The reason behind the benefits of this method is the acidity of lemon that balances the pH level of your scalp.
  • This easily keeps out dandruff.

Table salt

Just grab a saltshaker. Shake some salt onto your dry scalp. After that, just give your scalp a massage. You’ll see that you’ve worked out the dry, flaky skin and are ready for a shampoo.

Well, just use any of the aforementioned natural DIY shampoos to wash your hair. This remedy is for the removal of preexisting dandruff and can be called a pre-shampoo.

Treatments for Dandruff

To treat dandruff you need to consult with a hair-related doctor. Now a day’s many people are consulting doctor who is known for Hair Transplant in India as they are recommended by the various organization like ABHRS, ISHRS, and  AAHRS.

Some common treatment recommends by experts are:

Anti-Dandruff Shampoo

Doctors recommended using a mild shampoo. As there is a various option available in anti-dandruff but picking the right one is a hard job. This can be advised by experts. A mild anti-dandruff shampoo not only removes the flakes but also helps to restore the natural thick hair.

Curd and Lemon

This is not recommended by experts and it is used by many people who are getting the benefit of it. Both lemon and curd are known for the cure of dandruff. Just add a few drops of lemon juice into the curd and apply that mixture to the scalp.

Just leave this for an hour and wash the scalp with water. Try to repeat this method twice a day.

Some Other Home Remedies to Get Rid of Dandruff

Apple cider vinegar

This can reduce the yeast to grow on the scalp. Just mix a quarter cup of apple cider vinegar with water and spray it on the scalp. For better result must-do for a week. 

Apply Coconut oil

Coconut oil is a “tried and true” dandruff treatment, and it smells nice too. Before showering, massage 3-5 tablespoons of coconut oil into your scalp and allow it to sit for about an hour. Shampoo normally. You can also look for a shampoo that already contains coconut oil.

 Use Lemon Juice

Lemon is good for the scalp and well work for dandruff. To get rid of dandruff, massage your scalp with 2 tablespoons of lemon juice and rinse with water. Lemon can balance the pH level of the scalp and make hair stronger.

 Apply Baking soda

Some everyday ingredients you use in your kitchen such as baking soda may hold the key to an itch-free, flake-free scalp. Wet your hair and then rub a handful of baking soda vigorously into your scalp and rinse after a few minutes.

To reduce the overactive fungus on the scalp, use baking soda. The first few days’ hairs get dried up and after few days of using your scalp start naturally producing natural oils which keep the scalp free from flakes.

Prevention of Dandruff

hair dye and different products many times contain some chemical which can irritate sensitive
scalp skin. thus lead to contact dermatitis. fragrances are the most common causes
of contact dermatitis on your hair scalp.

Some of the Products are listed below

  • Formaldehyde
  • Detergents
  • Bleach
  • Natural or artificial fragrance


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