A burn is a very traumatic injury, caused by fire, chemicals, steam, electricity or any other form of heat transfer to the skin (our biggest organ)
Burns on less than 10% of the body surface is considered minor. An entire hand is 1% of the body surface. There are three types of burns, and they are classified by their severity.
First degree burns:
Are the ones to the top layers of the skin, the area becomes red and painful a sunburn is an example of the first-degree burn.
These are the ones that go deeper damaging more layers of skin, the skin becomes red, extremely painful with blisters. Third-degree burns:
These are the most serious of them all, the entire thickness of the skin is destroyed in some cases muscle, and other tissues are damaged, there is little pain involved as most of the nerves are burned, and the brain is unable to sense pain, the skin turns red or white, without proper care the area may become infected sometimes it turns yellow or black. In severe burns, a skin graft may be needed.
Types of burns:
First-degree burns -it affects only superficial layer of the skin and is mild.
Second-degree burns -it affects the epidermis, the superficial layer and also dermis, the
deep layer of skin
Third-degree burns -it affects the deep layer of skin, nerve endings and blood vessels may
Causes of Burns:
- Electric current
- Scalding liquids
- Toxic fumes
- Kitchen accidents