Chickenpox is a disease which may sound to us very far because the majority had when we were little, suddenly returns to the spotlight and is again every day to have children. At that moment we are worried about the mother and the who have children here, at the risk of our children being infected with it. It is a relatively benign disease, although sometimes it can get complicated. As many people have doubts about the disease and treatment, despite being a known disease, we will explain in this post everything there is to know about chickenpox.
Shingles and Chicken Pox Shingles take place as painful red welts triggered by varicella-zoster illness, the same disease which may create chickenpox. It is a skin rash where the nerves and skin get inflamed. The manifestations include a red-colored rash which quickly becomes uncomfortable, crusty welts, then in the future, after the sores have recovered, some folks encounter a lingering acute pain in the location where the welts were. This can easily go on for many years. It should be noted that after about with chickenpox, the varicella-zoster illness has never completely got out of the physical body. When the illness is revived because of a low immune system, it is when shingles happen. It is suggested that you check out a doctor if you do get shingles, but you can fry out some natural remedies to reduce the symptoms and pain.
What is Chickenpox?
Chickenpox is a common childhood disease caused by a virus called varicella-zoster, well known for being the cause of plague the skin as small blisters or vesicles. The frequency of complications is not high, but it cannot be said to be minimal, as they can appear in up to 15% of cases (1.5 children out of 10, to make it more visible). As many of you already know, most of the people affected by chickenpox are children. About 87% of infections occur in children under 15 years. Moreover, the older a person gets the more complications can result from the disease.
To avoid these most countries have included the vaccine program at the age of 12 months. If by that time a child has not had chickenpox, you are being vaccinated to prevent the disease before he passes adulthood. Follow more health-related blog such as what is the Ebola virus disease and how it spreads.
What are the symptoms of chickenpox?
The disease begins with an incubation period ranging from 10 to 21 days, with an average of 14 days. During these days the child may show discomfort and a little fever (signs that give no clue of anything concrete). After the incubation stage appears the eruption, with numerous lesions (between 250 and 500) of small size. Lesions appear on the face and trunk, being flat onset. Then they appear in more areas of the body (also typical genital mucosa and oral) and no longer flat to become the aforementioned vesicles or blisters. These blisters dry after a few days, leaving a scab.
The rash bites a lot and usually it is necessary to try to relieve the itching so much for comfort as to avoid possible infections in the skin. Once the rash appears, fever, malaise, headache, and loss of appetite may occur.
Is it very contagious?
Chickenpox is highly contagious, sometimes some parents cannot explain or how it has infected the child, not recall any contact with children or adults with chickenpox, for example. It is transmitted through the air thanks to the respiratory droplets we expel when talking, coughing, or sneezing. Also, it is spread by contact with skin lesions. When does it become contagious and when does it stop? A child begins to be “contagious” to potential chickenpox when one or two days left to display the skin lesions (difficult I know, of course) and stops spreading when all lesions are crust shaped, i.e., in the form of an ampoule with liquid.
What are the possible complications of chickenpox?
The most frequent complications are bacterial superinfections of the lesions, which can affect both externally and internally, to the muscles and lungs. The same virus can also cause diseases such as varicella pneumonia, encephalitis (a severe infection of the central nervous system), or stroke.
Another possible complication that usually occurs over the years, is the reactivation of the virus that can cause herpes zoster. It is more common in adults, but it can also happen to children and adults.
Can I bathe the child if I have chickenpox?
You can, you must. A daily bath with a soft gel, as well as refresh the skin from the risk of bacterial infection of the lesions is reduced.
What do I do if it stings a lot?
It is recommended to use calamine lotion with the lesions. If we do not manage to relieve the itching it is recommended to give an antihistamine syrup.
What if you have a fever?
If the child has a fever and needs some the most suitable antipyretic is Paracetamol. Aspirin is contraindicated and ibuprofen is usually discouraged because some studies are associating it with the appearance of other complications (although more recent studies seem to show that there is no danger).
Can antivirals or antibiotics be used?
Yes, they can be used, but they are usually only indicated in the case of young children and perhaps in adolescents. Its efficacy is not completely clear when it comes to reducing symptoms, which is why it is necessary to evaluate the use of these drugs. Antibiotics are meaningless (because chickenpox is a virus and not a bacterium) unless there is an infection of the lesions.
Is it advisable to vaccinate children with chickenpox?
Yes, it is recommended to prevent children from getting the disease. The current schedule consists of two vaccines administered between 12 and 15 first months, the second being recommended at two months. In many places, it is administered at 12 and 18 months, although there are parents who prefer to immunize fully as soon as possible and put it at 12 and 14 months. As I said, if at the age of 12 a child has not passed chickenpox the state covers vaccination with both doses. You can also get more information about new baby-related common problems.
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