How to treat Achilles tendonitis? Everything you need to know
So, What is the Achilles tendon? It is the tough band of tissue that connects with your calf muscles and heel bone. The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in your body that helps you to run, walk, jump and in different activities. It is common for Achilles tendon to get injured because of continuous running and jumping. It can cause severe inflammation, which is known as “Achilles tendonitis”.
There are two types of Achilles tendonitis:
Insertional Achilles Tendonitis: They affect the lower portion where the tendon is attached to the heel bone.
Noinsertional Achilles Tendonitis: They affect the middle portion of your tendon which involves fibres.
Non-Surgical Treatment Of Achilles Tendonitis
Achilles tendonitis normally heals itself if proper home treatment is given but if you want to speed the healing process you can do these treatments. It can be treated by simple home remedies under the supervision of your doctor.
Causes of Achilles tendonitis
Achilles tendonitis are common with active people and sportsperson. below are the
main causes of Achilles tendonitis.
- Huge pressure on legs.
Symptoms of Achilles tendonitis
The main sign of Achilles tendon is a pain in the heels when you stand on your toes or stretch your ankle. It can be mild or worse.
Normally runners face the Achilles tendon injury so it is important to choose your shoes carefully especially with the built-up heel to take the tension off your Achilles tendon during running, jumping and walking so that your feet can move easily during different activities. The best shoes for Achilles tendonitis dependably provide the excellent heel stature, foot rear area padding, solidness, and appropriate curve support to a sprinter.
Do your best to not put weight and pressure on your tendon. The tendons heal faster when no additional weight and stress is applied to tendons during this period. You can also use crutches with the go-ahead from your therapist and doctor.
Setting ice on your painful area of the tendon can also help you. Just place the ice bag against your skin and do it for at least 15 to 20 minutes. The ice usually helps the swelling or inflammation go down faster.
There are different exercises like bilateral heel drop, Eccentric Strengthening Protocol, calf stretches, Single leg heel drop and other exercises recommended by the therapists and doctors. These exercises help the healing process.
Inserts And Braces
Your doctor might suggest you wear a brace for Achilles tendonitis to limit the heel movement or put an insert in your shoes which will protect your Achilles tendon from further stretching.
Alternate High Impact Activities With The Low Ones
Continuous stress on the tendon can make the condition worse. Reduce your physical activities like duration of running and games like basketball and tennis which put more stress on Achilles tendon. However, you may continue with low impact activities like cycling and swimming.
Stretching Of Muscles
There are different stretchings for the different type of feet problems like Achilles tendonitis, bunions, sesamoiditis. Start your day with stretching as recommended by your doctor to make your Achilles ligament less inclined to damage. After the proper home rest and treatment tendonitis commonly goes away but in case if the home treatment does not work then you should consult your therapist or doctor. Don’t increase your running or different activities until you have the go-ahead from your doctor and therapist, cause you could re-injure your Achilles tendon.
Surgical Treatment Of Achilles Tendonitis
In case of a home, treatment does not work then maybe surgery is needed to repair your Achilles tendon. In this type of surgery, the goal is to repair Achilles tendon by reconnecting the calf muscles with the heel bone to restore push-off strength.
There are many ways to fix an Achilles tendon rupture. The most common method which doctor normally recommend is an open repair. In this surgery, the incision is made on the back of the lower leg, for opening your leg above the heel bone. Then the surgeon sews both ends of the ruptured tendon back together. The incision is then closed. In another repair method, the surgeon makes a small incision on the lower back of the leg where the rupture happened and then needles with sutures are passed through the tendon and skin and then took out through the tiny incision and then sutures are tied together.
Sometimes it takes a long time to heal tendons if you don’t modify your exercise habits and put constant stress on the tendon. Mostly it takes 12 months to recover Achilles tendon. The important part of healing is physical therapy. In many cases, patients get exceptional results from surgery but the primary factor in surgical repair is the amount of damage to the tendon. If the tendon is more damaged, longer the recovery period and there are lesser chances that patient will be able to return to sports activity.